We Are Producing More Rubbish | Band 7.5 IELTS Essay Sample
Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can government do to reduce the amount of rubbish produced? Give reasons for your answers and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Here is a band 7.5 IELTS essay on this topic submitted by one of our students. Send us your writing samples for a free band score estimate or get a detailed analysis of your writing for a fee.
Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample
The amount of waste produced by households and industries is rising / increasing at an alarming rate. This essay intends to analyze the reasons for this increase in waste production and also suggest some measures to mitigate the problem / improve the situation.
To begin with, increased use of packaged items is one of the main causes of excessive production of rubbish. Companies nowadays use a variety of packaging materials such as plastic, polythene and rubber. Although the packaging makes the item more attractive, the materials used in preparing packets are mostly non-biodegradable and they do not decompose. Since the packaging is always discarded, it increases the production of rubbish.
In addition to this, people nowadays follow the use and throw culture. As companies are now focusing more on creating cheap and disposable products, people now prefer to acquire new things instead of reusing and repairing the old ones. As a result of this mass consumption of new items, the old and used items are discarded leading to the production of more rubbish. Ultimately, such practices cause the production of more non-decomposable waste / garbage.
The solutions are not simple but they do exist. The government should enact strict laws that force companies to use only bio-degradable materials for packaging purposes. In addition to using materials that decompose easily, manufacturers should invent new packaging materials that can be recycled. This will automatically reduce the amount of waste produced. Moreover, the government should encourage people to recycle items that are made of plastic, metals and glass items. For example, recently I read on Facebook about a beach in Australia where machines are installed and people can buy a food item by just submitting used plastic bottles. These kinds of encouragement activities and events can help in persuading people to recycle.
In conclusion, although many reasons such as the use of plastic packaging materials and over consumerism contribute towards the increase in waste production, the government can reduce this growing problem by implementing stringent laws and by promoting recycling.
Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample
A major concern being faced by the world today is the tremendous increase in garbage generation across the globe. Every day, hundreds of tons of rubbish is being produced due to irresponsible behavior of mankind and it needs to be controlled.
People are producing more trash as they have more resources now than in the past and they are not using them properly. As the world is developing, people have access to better facilities, more products, more resources and more money. Due to his, people have more purchasing power and this leads to the practice of buying things without even bothering to check whether they are necessary or not. For example, in supermarkets, people just buy food in bulk quantities without keeping in mind the needs of their family and consequently, exorbitant quantities of food land in garbage bins. A recent study in the United States has shown that more than 40% of food produced lands in garbage trucks.
This is a major concern for the world and governments across the board should take substantial actions to control this issue. Firstly, setting up more recycling plants which can bring many products back to the production line and restricting the use of non-recyclable materials will prevent landfills from overflowing. For example, usage of plastic which makes up a major proportion of non-biodegradable waste will reduce if its sale is restricted. Secondly, people who waste edible products should be fined so that the production of organic waste can be controlled. If people face the risk of getting penalized for wasting food, they might buy responsibly and it in turn will reduce waste.
In conclusion, growing purchasing power and mindless consumerism are the factors contributing to excessive production of garbage. The government can improve the situation by making recycling mandatory, banning single use plastic and creating awareness about the dangers of producing more garbage.
Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample 3
Over the last few decades, there has been a tremendous increase in the amount of waste we generate. In my opinion, this is mainly due to the growing levels of consumerism and the use and throw culture. This essay will discuss the main causes of this problem and suggest some solutions.
To begin with, one of the major issues is the impulsive buying habit which people have these days. Individuals buy more than they need and that creates large amounts of unused goods over a period of time. For instance, the younger generation shops more often as they want to keep themselves updated with latest trends. As trends keep changing, many of these items get discarded and thrown away and this increases the production of waste. Overdependence on plastic and other non-biodegradable materials is another factor contributing to waste production.
The government should ensure that necessary steps are taken to reduce the quantity of discarded items. Firstly, people should be made aware of the harmful effects of rubbish on the environment. Moreover, communities should resort to recycle the unused materials. For example, in Germany, citizens are encouraged to deposit their plastic cans and bottles into the recycling machine and they are awarded with cash back on their next purchase from the stores. Finally, imposing penalties on factories that produce high level of pollutants can help in overcoming the problem.
In conclusion, the amount of rubbish can only be reduced if everyone practices responsible consumption. However, the government should ensure that necessary laws are also implemented so as to tackle this issue.