The Most Effective Way To Solve Traffic And Pollution Problems Is To Encourage People To Move From Suburbs Into The City | Band 9 IELTS Essay Sample

The most effective way to solve the current traffic and pollution problems in cities is to encourage people to move from the suburbs or countryside into the city centre. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Here is a band 9 IELTS essay on this topic. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me. Do you have difficulty writing a to what extent do you agree or disagree essay? Watch our video to learn about the correct structure of this type of IELTS essays.

Band 9 IELTS essay sample

Some people argue that the best solution to the traffic and pollution woes in cities is to encourage suburban and rural people to relocate to urban areas. I do not agree with this view because cities are already bulging at the seams. If more people move to the city, it will only worsen the situation.

Encouraging rural and suburban people to relocate to the cities will certainly help to reduce traffic congestion and pollution if the cities can accommodate them. This is because most people living in suburbs have jobs in the city. Consequently, every morning they travel all the way from their home to their office in the city causing traffic jams along the way. Vehicles caught in traffic emit more poisonous gases to the atmosphere and thus increase air pollution. By contrast, if they live in a place near their office in the city, they can reduce their travelling time and distance. This will solve traffic problems. Hence, if the cities have sufficient infrastructure to accommodate all of these people, it is certainly a great solution to traffic and pollution problems. Unfortunately, this is not the case and most cities are starved for space.

A better solution is to encourage more businesses to set up their operations in rural areas. This will create more jobs in those places and thus prevent the migration of rural people into urban areas. When people can find a job close to where they live, they do not have to travel long distances. This will solve traffic problems and the resultant pollution to a great extent. The government should also encourage organizations to offer the work from home option to their employees. Promoting e-commerce is another way to reduce the need for people to travel.

In conclusion, since cities are already overcrowded, it is not practical to move rural people to urban areas with the objective of reducing traffic and pollution. A better solution is to reduce the need for people to travel by providing them with job opportunities close to where they live.

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.

4 Responses

  1. Alok says:

    Please review this and provide your feedback:

    Traffic and Pollution are two main problems which cities are facing around the world. Some people suggest that these issues can be resolved if people relocate to city center. In my view, this is not a plausible solution as cities are already cramped and residents struggle due to exorbitant real estate prices and commute time.
    A good reason for people to not move to city center is the higher real estate prices. The rents in metropolitan have skyrocketed in last two decades because of reduced supply of affordable houses. As a result, dwellers have to pay a considerable portion of their monthly income on accommodation. Influx of new immigrants from countryside will increase the demand resulting in increased rental. For instance, cities like Mumbai does not have capacity to build affordable houses due to land scarcity. Therefore, new immigrants would not find a good place for themselves for a reasonable price and end up living a sub-standard life.
    Another reason to consider is the commute time for daily office goers. Most of the people in cities prefer to travel by their private vehicle due to lack of modern public transport. This results in higher number of vehicles which chokes the road. Consequently, people get stuck in traffic due to congestion and tend to spend significant amount of time on road. In cities like Bangalore, on an average, people spend close to 3 hours per day on commute. This impacts their health adversely and they do not get enough time to spend with their family on weekdays. Hence,
    In conclusion, people movement from rural to urban areas will create more problems and government will have tough time in dealing with these problems.

    • Manjusha Nambiar says:

      Write only about whether this move will reduce traffic and pollution in cities. There is no need to write about property prices. Your essay has to be on the given topic. This seems band 6.5 to me.

  2. Kahn Dang says:

    There are a multitude of measures to tackle the current metropolitan traffic and pollution deteriorating. And the one that most stands out is motivate people to migrate from the outskirts of the city into the heart of it. I am totally against to this notion simply because this is absolutely not true and many better other ways, I believe, are still waiting for us.

    In effect, the fact that people are moving into town from the countryside actually makes the situation even worse. Neither the developing nor developed countries has ever availed themself to this plan in order to cope with these situations. For example, it is a long-term vision of government to make infrastructure proportional to a huge number of citizen-to-be swarming to a ctity center in terms of both housing and public travelling, which as the result makes a enormous dent to the city budget. Furthermore, making way for transport infrastructure by cutting down inner-city trees will see the leap of CO2-emission levels which no doubt degenerates city-dwellers’ lung functions.
    On a more positive side, governments should employ methods to its citizen’s benefit like taxing even more on diesel-driven vehicles. Another answer to this is from the authorities who should gradually force all those vehicles to go fully-electric which eventually means they are not road legal anymore. And by converting governmental gas-driven four-wheeler into electric ones, the US government, among other countries like China, has recently done a remarkable thing in history.

    In conclusion, the indisputable solution to problems is make all vehicles on the road go electric. It is, however, a all-hands-on-deck endeavor of both the government and its citizens (273 words)

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