Some People Believe That Automation Is The Future Of The Manufacturing Sector As It Will Increase Efficiency And Boost The Productive Output Of Factories | Band 7.5 IELTS Essay Sample
Some people believe that automation is the future of the manufacturing sector as it will increase efficiency and boost the productive output of factories. What are the advantages and disadvantages of automation in manufacturing?
Here is a band 7.5 IELTS essay on this topic written by one of our students. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.
Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample
With the advent of technology, robots and various other machines are exceedingly becoming an inevitable part of many production lines across the globe. Because they are significantly more reliable, these new technologies are now used by a multitude of companies. The advantages and disadvantages of this practice/development will be discussed in this essay.
It seems reasonable to argue that automated systems are able to execute their tasks with high accuracy and in a continuous fashion. Once an automated production line is set up, it will work for an extensive period of time. When humans are employed, factors such as illness and disability can noticeably impact manufacturer’s output. Machines, on the other hand, are mostly immune to these flaws and even if they break, they can be replaced. As an illustration, during the COVID-19 pandemic, when a large proportion of workforce was sick or isolated, the U.S-based car producer, TESLA, which is notorious for its reliance on robots, managed to keep its assembling lines open as the majority of these lines could work on their own. Thus, automation brings about continuity of production and resiliency against human-related failures.
Regarding the demerits of automatic production plants, it is clear that when humans are substituted with machines, workers could eventually lose their jobs. Worse still, it will become substantially more difficult for the youth to acquire / find a job. As the rate of unemployment rises, both lower-class and working-class families will face severe financial struggles. For instance, research at the University of Toronto revealed that with the current implementation of automated manufacturing systems in Canada, more than 55% of the automobile workforce will be made redundant in the next 10 years, and it is projected to contribute to a 3% increase in the Canadian unemployment rate. Therefore, this trend threatens the economic stability of the society.
In conclusion, automation has both merits and demerits. Even though it can substantially increase productivity, it also causes a surge in the unemployment rate.