Some People Believe That Automation Is The Future Of Manufacturing As It Will Increase Efficiency | Band 7 IELTS Essay Sample

Some people believe that automation is the future of the manufacturing sector as it will increase efficiency and boost the productive output of factories. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using automation in manufacturing?

Here is a band 7 IELTS essay on this topic written by one of our students. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 7 IELTS essay sample

A section of the society is of the opinion that manufacturing industries will be operated by computer controlled systems and this will lead to an upsurge in the efficiency and capacity to produce. This essay will discuss the benefits like socio-economical growth associated with it and the drawbacks such as unemployment and vulnerability of automated systems.

To begin with the positive side, the deployment of digitally controlled systems in the production sector will lead to an increase in earnings. In other words, these advancements will in turn enhance the productivity of the manufacturing plants due to which more goods will be produced and sold, leading to the generation of higher profits. Secondly, on the social front, increased volume of production will aid in addressing the demand of the population. As a result / consequently, the average price of the utilities will exponentially reduce and hence, it will benefit the consumers and the society as a whole.

However, such a technological revolution in manufacturing industries will undoubtedly increase unemployment. The use of digitally controlled machines will reduce the demand for manpower and consequently there will be a surge in the number of unemployed people. Furthermore, since machines are controlled by computers and software programs, there is a great threat of system crash. As a result of it, the processes may get disrupted and result in waste of time and money as well as demanding additional investments to maintain and protect the digital controllers.

In conclusion, the automatically operated machineries in manufacturing companies have evolved to be financially advantageous for businesses. Nevertheless, the decrease in the demand for human labour and additional maintenance cost incurred cannot be overlooked. 

Here is another essay on this topic written by one of our students.

Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample

According to some people, more and more manufacturers will adopt automation in the coming years as it increases productivity and profit margins. In my opinion, automation certainly makes businesses more profitable, but it is detrimental for the workforce as it will increase the unemployment rate.

Since automated manufacturing lines can work tirelessly and flawlessly for hours on end, they will consequently increase profits and revenues. As a result, factories can run round the clock and produce flawless products as automated machines do not make mistakes. Considering these outstanding merits, a company which embraces automation, will inevitably make more profit due to increased production. Furthermore, such companies do not have to deal with sick or injured personnel, making this method even more beneficial. As an illustration, a well-known automobile company named Tesla has been employing / deploying robots in more than 80% of its production lines and this turned out to be highly profitable for its stakeholders. Thus, automation brings an influx of cash into manufacturing industries.

On the other hand, eliminating humans from production lines will cause an unrestrained jump in unemployment rate. Due to the fact that various job positions that are occupied by humans can be substituted with automated machinery a plethora of employees will get laid off or even fired by their companies. This reduction in the number of employed citizens will eventually raise the poverty in a country. For instance, while assembling manufactures have relied on automated production lines in the city of London in Ontario, within the past decade, more than 100,000 assemblers were made redundant causing unemployment on a massive scale. Therefore, this trend benefits only big corporations, not the general public.

To recapitulate, automation in the manufacturing sector increases companies’ profits but at the same time it causes unemployment. While fewer errors and longer working hours are extremely advantageous for any manufacturer, their need to hire more employees will definitely decline. As a result, for the general public, this is largely a negative development.

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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.