Overpopulation In Many Major Urban Centres Around The World Is A Major Problem | Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample

Overpopulation in many major urban centres around the world is a major problem. What are the causes of this? How can this problem be solved?

Here is a band 8 IELTS essay on this topic. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me. https://www.ielts-practice.org/writing-correction-service/

Band 8 IELTS essay sample

Nowadays, overpopulation is increasingly becoming problematic. Cities around the world are becoming very crowded and this is a serious problem. This essay will discuss the reasons why this is happening and put forward some solutions for this issue.

To begin with, there are two main causes of overcrowding in cities. Firstly, public services such as schools and hospitals are concentrated in cities. It is easier for people in cities to have access to such services than those in rural areas. For instance, approximately 90% of public services in Sudan are in cities. This clearly shows that people migrate to cities looking for these services. Another reason of overcrowding in cities is their vibrant and active lifestyle which attracts people from rural areas. Generally speaking, the easy access to public services and the fast pace of life in cities are the main reasons of overpopulation in cities.

Overcrowding seriously affects the quality of life in cities. Fortunately, there are ways to address this issue. First of all, governments must provide public services to people in the countries. Instead of having to travel to cities sick people looking for treatment should be able to have access to doctors in their counties. Furthermore, governments must build new cities to decrease the size of population in overcrowded cities and metropolitan areas. For example, the Japanese government has successfully reduced the size of population in its big and crowded cities by 20% by building new cities. This clearly proves the effectiveness of such a measure in reducing the number of people in overcrowded cities across the globe.

To sum up, it is evident that the concentration of public services in the cities and the vibrancy of the urban lifestyle are the reasons that lead to the overcrowding of cities. Decentralization is the solution. Creating more job opportunities in the suburbs and rural areas will prevent migration to cities and reduce crowding to a great extent.

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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.