Nowadays, There Are Many Reasons For Environmental Pollution

Nowadays, there are many reasons for environmental pollution. What are the causes and solutions?

Here is a band 9 IELTS essay on this topic. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 9 IELTS essay sample

All over the world, environmental pollution has become rampant. Excessive consumption of fossil fuels, careless disposal of plastic, nuclear waste and ewaste are some of the causes of this development. Switching to renewable sources of energy and reducing our consumption are the most effective solutions.

The combustion of fossil fuels is one of the main causes of environmental pollution.  The advent of industrialization and automobiles led to the widespread use of coal and petrol. Unfortunately, when these materials are burned, they release harmful gases into the atmosphere. Ewaste is another health hazard and pollutant. Discarded electronic products contain harmful chemicals and other substances. They pollute soil, water and air. Plastic is an even bigger pollutant. It does not degrade even after hundreds of years and when people burn plastic in an attempt to get rid of it, harmful gases are released. Nuclear waste is yet another cause of environmental pollution. While nuclear energy is eco-friendly, decommissioned nuclear reactors have tonnes of radioactive waste. All over the world, there is still no consensus on what to do with these lethal chemicals. Last but not least, excessive consumption also hurts the planet. Humans are using up natural resources with absolutely no concern for the environment and this also aggravates pollution.

Switching to greener sources of energy is the best solution to deal with environmental pollution. Solar and wind are abundant sources of energy and they do not hurt the planet. Banning single use plastic is another solution. The government should also make recycling mandatory. Plastic and many electronic products can be recycled. It is equally important to promote conservation. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle should be the motto. In addition, environmental protection and conservation should be made an important subject taught at schools.

To conclude, plastic, ewaste and fossil fuels are all major causes of environmental pollution. Switching to eco-friendly sources of energy and practicing conservation are the most effective ways to counter this threat.

Nowadays, there are many reasons for environmental pollution – Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample

Unquestionably, the world is struggling to deal with different types of environmental pollution. This essay will discuss the reasons behind this grave concern and possible solutions to mitigate these issues.

To begin with, industrialization is one the chief reasons behind this concern. To fulfill the materialistic demands of consumers, we are destroying our green environment and setting up these factories. The waste generated by these factories is polluting our rivers and oceans. Besides this, uncontrolled use of plastic has a far-reaching impact on our environment. Many countries do not even have the proper guidelines to recycle plastic wastes. As a result, people throw or burn these plastic wastes which eventually increase the land and air pollution and make things worse for us. Therefore, industrialization and excessive use of plastic are causing considerable damage to our natural environment

These are many ways to address these growing issues. Firstly, the government should promote the use of sustainable sources of energy like solar, wind and water power. It will help us in reducing the pollution generated by these commercial establishments / setups. Secondly, to deter people from using the non-eco friendly resources the government should impose green taxes on them so that they switch to sustainable and environment friendly resources. Lastly, people will have to take some ownership by stopping the use of plastic bags and switching to jute bags to protect their Mother Nature. If we take these steps, we can certainly protect our environment from getting polluted. Another solution is to reduce our consumption. People should only buy what they need. They should resist the temptation to buy new products when the ones in their hand are working properly.

In conclusion, the industrialization and over dependency on plastic are causing massive damage to our environment; however, we can tackle these issues by switching to sustainable sources of energy, imposing green taxes and replacing plastic bags with paper or jute bags.

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.