Most people accept that we now live in a globalised world but not everyone agrees this is beneficial | Band 8 IELTS essay sample
Most people accept that we now live in a globalised world but not everyone agrees this is beneficial. To what extent is globalisation a positive or negative development? Give reasons for your answers and include relevant examples from your knowledge or experience.
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Band 8 IELTS essay sample
The world witnessed a lot of diverse developments in the 21st century. One such important development is globalisation and it has influenced every aspect of life. Many people are excited about living in a globalized world, yet a few people believe that globalization is not beneficial. A careful analysis shows that globalisation has both merits and demerits.
Globalisation offers us a plethora of merits. The most important one among them is the easy availability of services and products. It is because of globalisation, the services or products available only in selected countries are now available around the world. For example an Apple iPhone gets its motherboard and the phone body manufactured in USA and China respectively. This gets assembled in another country where it is sold. Globalisation has an additional advantage of increasing the employment opportunities in developing and under developed countries. Globalisation also helps to reduce the price of products by getting them manufactured in countries where the labour cost is low.
On the flip side, the negative aspects of globalisation cannot be wished away / cannot be overlooked. It interferes with the tradition, culture and the way of living of a country in which it is implemented. Globalisation enables multinational companies to exploit the natural resources of poor countries. To consider an example, beverage companies established in India have their presence in river beds. They consume gallons of water and affect the agricultural activity, which is the backbone of the country. Therefore globalisation alters the existing activity in a country to bring in a new service.
To recapitulate, even though globalisation has become essential for the ease of living, it also endangers the way of life in many countries.
Band 8 IELTS essay sample 2
Globalisation is a phenomenon that has changed the way business happens in the world. Things could be designed in one place, manufactured elsewhere and the whole process managed from a different location. This has shrunk the world into a village. However, not everyone believes that this globalisation is good for the world. In my opinion, this development has advantages and disadvantages in equal measure.
Globalisation made outsourcing of jobs possible. Developed nations outsource IT, manufacturing jobs to developing countries where labour is available in plenty at low cost. This opened employment opportunities in developing countries thereby boosting their economy. As people’s earning capacity increased, their purchasing power also got better. This in turn has helped other industries like fashion, clothing, food and travel to grow in the developing countries contributing to the nation’s overall economic growth. Hence both developing and developed nations benefit from globalisation.
The main disadvantage is that globalization leads to the exploitation of workers in poor countries. Rich nations are moving their manufacturing units to poor nations, because labour is dirt cheap there. Of course, you can argue that globalization is creating job opportunities in these countries, but there is denying the fact that many of these employees are working in inhuman conditions. Globalization has environmental impacts too. People travel for business reasons all the time. Goods are shipped from one country to the other. However, this does not come without a cost. The pollution that air travel and sea travel produce affect our environment, the air that we breathe and the ocean life and has contributed majorly to the global warming.
To summarise, the way business is conducted in the world has undergone a huge change because of globalisation. Globalisation has its own merits and demerits. While it has created job opportunities and economic growth, it had led to the exploitation of poor workers and is a major contributor of environmental pollution. It is a double-edged sword, that we must learn to live with in the 21st century.