In Today’s World, Private Companies Rather Than Government Pay For And Conduct Most Scientific Research | IELTS Essay Samples
Here is a band 9 IELTS essay on this topic. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.
Band 9 IELTS essay sample
Nowadays, scientific research is mainly conducted by private organisations. In my opinion, this development certainly has some disadvantages, but there are plenty of advantages too.
Without scientific research, we cannot propel innovation. And without these innovations, we cannot enjoy the standard of living we enjoy today. For example, think about communication technologies. They have revolutionized our lives. It is now impossible to even imagine a life without the internet or computers. Much of the research in the field of communication is conducted by private companies. While governments may also have investment in this sector, microprocessors, computers and smartphones are all the result of research conducted by private companies. We cannot stop them from conducting this research without hurting our progress.
On the one hand, private companies are willing to invest lots of money in research because they can make huge profits out of it. This is what drives them. At the same time, when private companies conduct research, they will want to keep the findings to themselves. They will not share it with the world unless they get a commission. Also, private companies may manipulate the findings of some studies to protect their business interests. This mainly happens in the field of medical, cosmetic and food research. This can be detrimental for public health.
On the other hand, if only governments conduct scientific research, it will put a halt to innovation. Governements have lots of other areas to invest in and hence there is a limit to what they can invest in research and development. Consequently, resource crunch will prevent scientists from making any pathbreaking innovations. So, obviously, there is a need to promote private research.
To conclude, there are both advantages and disadvantages for the general public when private companies conduct scientific research. Even so, in my opinion, we need to promote it because if private companies are banned from conducting scientific research, that will be a major blow to innovation.
In today’s world, private companies rather than government pay for and conduct most scientific research – Band 8 IELTS essay sample
In the contemporary world, private organizations conduct scientific research instead of government institutions. I believe that this development offers more benefits than disadvantages. This essay will discuss the merits and demerits of research financed by private entrepreneurs.
To begin with, scientific research revolutionized the way the world lives. Nowadays, more and more private companies are conducting research which leads to more productivity and efficiency at work. Without research undertaken by private companies, we would not have mobile phones, electric cars or superfast processors. Another advantage is that when research is conducted by private companies, the government can focus on more pressing issues like poverty or unemployment. Governments have limited resources and if they had to spend a chunk of that on research, they will not have much money to spend in other areas. Obviously, private companies conducting research benefits the world in several ways.
On the other hand, private companies are profit driven and as such if they are allowed to conduct every kind of research, there will be some repercussions as well. Private companies are conducting research for their benefit. They will not sell their information. Actually, that is the main issue. They will keep the knowledge secret and avoid sharing it with the rest of the world. When governments conduct research, the information will be available for all for free. Another issue is that when private companies conduct research, the finding will almost always suit their business interests. For example, if coffee companies conduct a research, they will claim that caffeine has health benefits. We already hear of such studies almost every day.
To conclude, there are certainly several benefits to allowing private companies to conduct research. They drive productivity and innovation. At the same time, there are some downsides to giving private organisations absolute monopoly over their research findings.