In Some Countries, The Government Prioritises Economic Growth Above All Other Concerns | Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample
In many countries, the government prioritises economic growth above all other concerns. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.
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Band 8 IELTS essay sample
It is argued that in some nations, the governing bodies / authorities give priority to economic growth as compared to the other concerns. While the main advantage of this approach is better living standards, I believe that it can affect health and education of the general public.
The primary advantage of prioritizing economic growth is that it can improve living standards and reduce the poverty rate. In other words, high average incomes enable consumers to enjoy more goods and services and a better lifestyle. This means that people will have more income that will eventually reduce the poverty rate. For example, a recent report published by BBC suggested that economic growth in the twentieth century was a major factor in reducing absolute levels of poverty and enabling a rise in life expectancy.
However, economic growth alone will not suffice. Health and education are equally important. The major drawback of prioritizing economic growth is that it can have a negative impact on the environment. China, for example, is growing rapidly. Unfortunately, this is at the expense of the environment. The air quality is China is perhaps the lowest in the world. Fast growing Indian cities are no different. While economic growth is good, the resultant pollution can affect the health of the people. It can also destroy wildlife. Another issue is that when nations try too hard to grow financially, culture and morality may take a hit.
In conclusion, although prioritizing economic growth is beneficial because it increases the living standards and reduces the poverty rate, I believe that it has a negative impact on the environment and health of people.
Band 8 IELTS essay sample 2
Authorities of several nations give more significance to economic progress than any other issues. In my perspective, it is a negative development because there are issues, such as environment and health, and they need similar or even higher priority as financial growth.
On the one hand, keeping economic growth a priority helps governments to eradicate poverty from their country. This is because when authorities get money from their financial projects, they can spend a significant amount of it on the welfare of their people. For instance, if a nation’s GDP is growing, its population’s lifestyle gets better because they get a better salary for their work. Therefore, it is evident that economic progress is beneficial for citizens in improving their lifestyle and reducing the proportion of underprivileged people.
On the other hand, the flip side of this development is that authorities destroy forests, rivers and other natural resources to build factories and buildings to boost their economy. Their first priority becomes the profit rather than its consequences, and this results in contaminated water and polluted air in metropolitan areas. In China, for instance, they build factories on agricultural land, and it is increasing the scarcity of healthy food in their major cities. I believe, it is necessary to give these issues the same priority as economic progress because the survival of a nation depends on how healthy their citizens are and how balanced their ecosystem is.
In conclusion, the aforementioned points make it evident that there are certain merits and demerits for nations to keep economic growth their top priority. Although it benefits individuals to get better wages and it helps to lower the rate of poverty, in my perspective, it is devastating for the environment and people’s health.
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