In Many Countries There Is A Problem With Declining Quality Of Air And Water From Both Industry And Construction | Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample

In many developing countries, there is a problem with declining quality of air and water from both industry and construction, causing high levels of water and air pollution. What measures could be taken to prevent this?

Here is a band 8 IELTS essay on this topic submitted by one of our students. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 8 IELTS essay sample

With the rapid growth of industrialization and construction industry, water and air pollution have become major concerns for many developing countries. In my opinion, using modern technologies and enforcing strict pollution control laws are crucial for improving the situation.

One of the causes of water pollution is the discharging of sewage water into the rivers and oceans without any treatment. The sewage water contains harmful bacteria which can bring serious threat to the aquatic life. In an effort to prevent these issues, modern technologies like sewage water treatment plant can be used to treat sewage water for recycling and reuse the treated water for domestic purpose. This will not only reduce sewage disposal issues but also solve the problem of water shortage. For example, developed countries like USA have an impeccable system which not only treats sewage water for disposal purpose, but also recycles in such a way that they can use it for normal domestic purpose. In other words, modern technologies ought to be used for reducing water pollution.

Besides water, air has also some grave issues. One of the main causes of air pollution is a huge amount of debris generated from construction sites. Air pollution has affected not only flora and fauna, but also humans. In order to eradicate air pollution, the government must implement stringent environmental policies for construction sites. For example, in order to get an interim commencement certificate the developer must seek approval from the environmental department, which regulates the air pollution level for construction sites. This will ensure that construction sites do not generate harmful waste and preventive actions are taken to alleviate air pollution. In short, stringent policies which regulate pollution levels at sites can help to reduce air pollution.

To conclude, advanced technologies and stern policies are necessary to prevent further deterioration of air and water quality.

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Manjusha Nambiar

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4 Responses

  1. Bohdan says:

    In many nations of the developed world, many people suffer from poor quality of air and water caused by industrial production and construction. This essay will propose improved technology and imposed penalties for environmental pollution as primary ways to tackle the problem of bad air and water.
    Advanced technology can help to make both industry and construction more environmentally friendly. Many factories in developing nations use outdated technologies from the past that are extremely harmful to the air and water that people use. Therefore, government of these countries, even though their financial resources are limited, should invest more money in advancing production and construction techniques. To illustrate this, in 2010, the Bangladesh government unveiled their 10 years modernisation programme, and in 2020 quality of air and water in this country was 25% higher than in 2010.
    In order to tackle the problem of contaminated air and water, officials should force producers to follow all environmental standards. Many companies, because of financial expenses, intentionally do not follow any environmental rules. But if government impose fines that are higher than these expenses, all businesses will keep their production and activity clean and environmentally safe. For instance, according to recent research, 32% of pollution can be prevented by following environmental practices.
    In conclusion, the problem of polluted water and air in developing nations can be prevented by improved production techniques and imposed fines that are supposed to pay those who do not pay attention to the environment.

  2. I says:

    Developing nations are facing issues related to the quality of air and water due to the industrialization and building work going on in the region
    It is a common practice for companies to set up their factories in underdeveloped nations to decrease their production costs. However, this development is contributing to the poor quality of water and air because of the toxins that are released as waste. This essay will present solutions to this problem.
    Firstly, the government must impose restrictions on the working of large firms. Many industries after manufacturing their products, release toxic chemicals into rivers or lakes, which deteriorates their quality. Legal authorities must take action and put a limit on this release. Additionally, they should not be allowed to run their factories in any residential area as it can be harmful for the local communities. For instance, many people suffer with lung cancer, due to the inhalation of bad-quality air, residing near construction businesses. If this type of work is done in less populated areas, such as the countryside, people can be saved from its hazardous impacts.
    Secondly, companies must use innovative techniques to reduce their impact on the environment. They can consider replacing the machines that operate on fuel with energy-efficient substitutes such as electric motors. Small steps like this one can reduce dangerous carbon emissions and improve the quality of air. What is more, they can run campaigns like the plantation of trees around the area they are operating in. Furthermore, they should not release dangerous chemicals directly into drinkable water and must opt for an alternative approach.
    In conclusion, many firms damage the environment by their ill-informed practices. This trend can be mitigated by restricting their daily work and utilisation of environment-friendly devices.

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