Human Activity Has Had A Negative Impact On Plants And Animals | Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample
Human activity has had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people think that this cannot be changed, while others believe actions can be taken to bring about a change. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
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Band 8 IELTS essay sample
World population has increased greatly over the last few decades and industrialization has posed a major threat to wild species these days. While some argue that this trend cannot be stopped, others including myself believe that we still have time to tackle the issue.
People who hold the opinion that we should accept the current situation base their argument on several reasons. To begin with, many places with serious environmental problems are already not suitable for some species to survive. For example, many wild animals lost their habitats because of deforestation and both water and air pollution brought by industrialization, especially in some developing countries. It is simply impractical to shut down these factories as some local governments give top priority to economic development. In addition, some problems are too complicated to be solved in a short period of time. Global warming is one of them. Some marine lives, for instance, are dying out because of increased temperature and there is nothing we can do to make a quick change.
However, others believe that governments and individuals can still make efforts to save wild lives. Governments could introduce environmental laws to force factories to reduce carbon dioxide emissions that lead to global warming, and they can also impose green taxes on drivers to encourage people to drive less. As a result, less greenhouse gas emission from both factories and car use will lead to a better environment for both human and wild species. As for individuals, we can also limit our contribution to environmental damage by becoming more energy efficient. For instance, if paperless offices were widely encouraged and adopted, then there would be less demand for wood, and thus helping to curb deforestation and better protect wild habitats.
In my opinion, saving wild animals and plants can be quite challenging and will not be an easy task, but we still have time to take measures to change the situation. With the joint efforts of governments and individuals, environmental issues are likely to be at least mitigated.
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