Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample | Why Do Criminals Re-offend After They Have Been Punished?

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Many criminals re-offend after they have been punished. Why do some people continue to commit crimes after they have been punished, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem?

Band 8 IELTS essay sample

It is true that a large number of criminals do not change and keep on committing crimes even after punishment. There are several reasons for repeating crimes after serving a term and various steps can be taken to prevent such behaviour at societal as well as government level.

There are a few reasons to explain the behaviour of criminals after they come out serving time in prison. Firstly, although they might be reformed individuals, some societies still see them as guilty and do not accept them as members of their community. The rejection and social alienation tempt ex-prisoners to take revenge and commit crimes again. Secondly, their past criminal records make it difficult for ex-prisoners to find employment. Consequently, they get into crime to get over their poverty. Finally, some are professional criminals. They want to earn money quickly so they commit crimes like burglary, extortion, robbery and blackmailing. They are so used to making money easily that they cannot stop it even after getting punished.

There are several actions that can be taken to curb the problems. The government should enforce strong vocational training so that they do have options available when they are released. Apart from that, all prisoners should be counselled by psychologists who can evaluate their behaviour and mental status. This way, potential re-offenders can be identified easily and special attention be given to them.

In addition to that, it is the responsibility of the police department to train and educate the public about the behavioural and circumstantial aspects of any crime. By doing so, they can create acceptance for reformed criminals and give them an opportunity to lead a normal life after serving punishment.

In conclusion, most of the times, there are specific reasons for ex-criminals to commit crimes again. However, there are several measures that the society and the government can take to curb their criminal tendencies.

Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.

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