Average Life Expectancy Is Increasing For Both Men And Women | Is This A Positive Development

As a result of advances in medical care, average life expectancy is increasing for men and women. Do you think most people will see this as a positive development? What are the disadvantages of an ageing population for individuals and society? Support your point of view with reason and or examples from your own experience or observation.

Here is a band 9 IELTS essay on this topic. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your writing samples corrected by me.

Band 9 IELTS Essay Sample

Thanks to advancements in healthcare, people are now living longer than their parents or grandparents. Longevity is definitely good and desirable but problems may arise when there are too many old people in the society.

To start with, the elderly people are not very productive. They cannot work or earn and as a result many of them are dependent on their children or social support programmes. This is not exactly a problem if they have sufficient savings or if their family is able to take care of them. However, this is not always the case. Old parents or grandparents can strain the budget of financially poor families. Many of them have to subsist on social welfare schemes run by the government. Unfortunately, this puts a burden on the public exchequer because in order to provide for the elderly population, the government has to allocate a huge amount of money. As a result, it will not have enough money to spend in other areas.

Another problem associated with increasing life spans is the deterioration in the quality of life. Although people are living longer it does not mean that they are living healthy and happy lives. Many senior citizens survive on medications. They need assistance even for performing their day to day activities. This necessitates the constant presence of a care provider in the house. For example, in India it is quite common for the daughter or daughter in law to quit their job to care for their aged parents or in-laws. This can hurt their family finances. Also, sometimes adult children may treat their parents as a burden and refuse to provide them the love and attention they need. As a result, many aged people are forced to live in old age homes.

To conclude, the advancements in medical science have certainly increased the lifespan of people. However, longevity can be a problem for people who lack an adequate support system. Also, an increase in the elderly population can hurt the productivity of a country and force the government to earmark a major proportion of its revenue for their welfare.

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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.

7 Responses

  1. pharmacist says:

    Today world is witness of global aging due to the myraid of advancements in health care system. I, personally ,dont think that people see this development as a positive one because there have been some demerits for it.

    Longevity is booming and although it supposed to be a great progress, it is not considered as a positive development by vast majority of people. To begin with,as people get older, the number of chronic illness will increase. They have to rest at home and most of them survive on medications. These medications and treatment’s expenses cost too much so it could hurt family finances. Secondly, the unemployment rate have been increased due to the growing elderly populations.
    Elderly people are still working ,therefore, it will remain limited job vacancies. In my experience, I could not find a well-paid job for several months because every position was taken already by people mostly over 50 years old.

    It truely has some demerits for society as well as for individuals. In terms of individuals, we can see that most of our grand parents are not feeling happiness inside of their heart and waiting for their death to come . they are not productive anymore, this is to say, they can not work and be present in the society, this condition will be the reason of feeling as a burden for their family and losting happiness. In terms of society, senior citizens put a strain on health and economic sectors. Needless to say, the budget that government must provide for the retirement fund and medical care automatically rise and that leads to burgeoning of challenges for less developed nations.

    In conclusion, progesses which are made in health care system is the root of longevity. while increasing life spans seems desirable, most people are in trouble with its negative consequences.These problems arise in social areas as long as personal areas.

  2. leila says:

    is it possible for you to send my essay in that topic to correct and put in your site as free?

    • ielts practice says:

      What do mean by that? If you post your essay in the comments, it will be there on the site and I do not pay people for commenting.

  3. abdulla says:

    in India it is quite common for the daughter or daughter in law to quit *****their**** job to care for their aged parents or in-laws

    which one is correct to write ….to quit their or her job?

    • ielts practice says:

      Quit her job is correct. Or you can write: In India it is quite common for the daughters or daughters in law to quit their jobs..

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