As Countries Develop, More And More People Buy And Use Their Own Cars | Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample

As countries develop, more and more people buy and use their own cars. Does the advantage of this for individuals outweigh the disadvantage for the environment?

Here is a band 8 IELTS essay on this topic written by one of our students. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 8 IELTS essay sample

Most countries across the world are progressing at a rapid pace. Owing to this development, people have a higher percentage of disposable income which allows them to spend on materialistic things like  cars. Over time, the phenomenon of purchasing and using their own vehicles has increased drastically. While having a personal car is advantageous to a certain extent, the overall picture does not seem very rosy, particularly when it comes to the environment.

20 years ago purchasing a car was considered a luxury for many. However, looking at the current scenario, especially post COVID-19 owning a vehicle has become an essential part of one’s life to avoid crowded spaces. With the launch of many automobile companies in a country, individuals now have an option to choose cars at different price points or even opt for second hand cars. Having a car definitely has its own advantages including an easy and comfortable commute and access to locations which are not served by public transport. Moreover, using a car at the time of a global health crisis has emerged as a safer alternative to travelling in public transport.

While there are certain pros that only benefit the person or their immediate circle, there are numerous cons that affect the larger part of the society. Depending on their income, most households have at least 2 cars at their disposal. Each car bought and driven not only adds to the traffic and road accidents, but also increases the various types of pollution including air and noise pollution. While automobile companies have begin investing in electric vehicles, most countries either do not have the necessary infrastructure to support them or these cars are too expensive for them. Moreover, developing countries such as India and China do not have strong laws that govern owing and running a car; hence, most cars are not checked for pollution or carbon emissions. Additionally, the increase in the number of cars puts pressure on fossil fuel reserves which are already depleting at an alarming rate.

To conclude, buying a car definitely benefits the end consumer and the government as well, but as a community we pay a heavy price for it.  For comfort and convenience, we are destroying the lives of future generations as well as the environment. Cars used for personal needs create a lasting effect on the environment that is already battling with a series of issues including global warming and increasing carbon emissions.

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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.