Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the governments rather than private companies. Do you agree or disagree?
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Band 7.5 IELTS essay Sample
In my perspective, while some experiments with possibly unexpected high-risk should be controlled / regulated by governments, others with controllable hazards can be carried out by private firms.
Multifarious points throw lights on my standpoints. First and foremost, scientific research is categorized / can be categorized into different kinds. Governments should be vigilant) and pay much attention to those which may lead to catastrophic consequences once an error occurred. To be specific, research related to biological weapons or nuclear technology will definitely jeopardize public health if an incident like leakage occurs; hence, such research should only be conducted by the government.For another, since the profit is the only thing that private enterprises chase, something that compromises security is more likely to take place, threatening society. Under the surveillance and control of government, such likelihood will be dramatically reduced.
On the other hand, autonomy should be reasonably given to private enterprises when it comes to regular and low-risk researches. The intention of research is to prove the hypothesis and eventually transfer the outcome into an innovative and practical one benefiting human beings. Without the debate of safety, legislation and morality, innovation always follows the principle—”The faster, the better. This not only caters to the need of this society but also leads to intense competition between companies in the same field.
Empirical evidence has proved that in some field, excessive intervention of governments will only lead to inefficiency, dragging the procedure. Furthermore, the scientific researches are relatively costly; therefore, they will impose overwhelming pressure on fiscal expenditure if governments take control of all of them.
To encapsulate, governmental monitoring is definitely an irreplaceable element in scientific research, but we should give some space to private companies whose importance can’t be substituted.