People Think That The Best Way To Reduce Crime Is To Give Longer Prison Sentences | Band 7.5 IELTS Essay Sample

People think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. Others believe that there are other alternative solutions for reducing crime.
Discuss both views and give your opinion on this topic.

Here is a band 7.5 IELTS essay on this topic written by one of our students. Need help with IELTS writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample

Over the last few years, there has been a sudden rise in the number of crimes specifically in developing countries. Some people believe that increasing the duration of prison sentences can be helpful / instrumental in reducing the crime rate while others insist that there are better solutions to reduce crime. In my opinion, longer prison sentences are an effective solution for severe crimes such as murder or rape while other severe crimes can be tackled by taking alternative measures.

The magnitude of crime should decide the kind of punishment given for that crime. The crimes that have higher severity level should not be taken lightly and punishments for such crimes should be strict in order to prevent people from engaging in these crimes. For instance, crimes such as murder and rape show extreme levels of cruelty and hence, lifetime imprisonment should be the minimum punishment for these acts. It can be dreadful for a person to spend a major part of his life in jail and hence, longer prison sentences might be useful to lower the crime rate. If the duration of sentences is only a few months, such crimes will never be taken seriously and rapes and murders will become more frequent.  

On the other hand, giving long imprisonment would not be an ideal solution for acts which are less serious such as robbery or breaking traffic rules. People can be fined for jumping a red light or over-speeding. Also, for crimes like robbery and pick pocketing, short term imprisonment is sufficient. People could also be released on warnings in such cases. Additionally, the governing bodies ought to take necessary steps to reduce poverty. In developing countries, the reason for the majority of the crimes is poverty. Children who suffer from starvation and lack of basic facilities become pick-pocketers or robbers. Thus, providing basic facilities and food to people below poverty line can be helpful in reducing the crime rate.

In conclusion, increased duration of prison sentences may reduce the crime rate since that will make criminals spend a major span of their life in jails. On the other hand, alternative solutions such as reducing poverty may be helpful in decreasing the crimes such as thefts and robberies. In my opinion, longer imprisonments should be given only for the severe crimes.

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Manjusha Nambiar

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