Nowadays, people are living an increasingly longer life and in many countries, there are more old people than young people. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend?
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Band 8 IELTS essay sample
In this progressive world, technological and medical advancements have increased the life expectancy. This increase in life span has created a situation in many countries where they have a higher proportion of aged people. This essay will delve into the pros and cons of this phenomenon.
To begin with, there are many plausible reasons for the increase in the lifespan of human beings. The first one is the improvement in medical science and invention of vaccines for nearly every disease. The second one is the availability of cutting edge technology with which doctors can do early diagnosis of the disease and start the treatment on time. Improved health care systems and awareness campaigns have also boosted longevity. For instance, according to a report published by WHO, Japan has a very low mortality rate, because they are very proactive at diagnosing a medical condition in its early stage.
The upside of living a longer life has many aspects. Firstly, people can spend longer time with their loved ones. Secondly, the old people have more knowledge and wisdom that they can impart to young people. Thirdly, the upcoming generation expects to live a longer life and can plan for it accordingly.
There is also a downside to it in the form of increased burden of healthcare cost on the government. There will be fewer young professionals to replace the retiring population. In addition, this will impact the economic growth of the country, and it may have to rely on immigrants to boost the economy. Also, it will raise a security concern for a country because of the lack of of young blood in armed forces to safeguard its borders.
In conclusion, despite the fact that the disadvantages of having more old people outweigh the advantages, the mortality rate will keep falling due to advancement in medical science.
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