Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.
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Band 7 IELTS essay sample
These days, more and more people tend to move from smaller towns or villages to big cities, thereby raising the population in urban areas. Overpopulation of urban areas has led to many problems. This essay will highlight some serious issues and subsequently suggest a few solutions to overcome these.
There are many issues caused by overpopulation. Firstly, it creates traffic congestion due to the increasing number of vehicles on roads. As a result, there are more road accidents and subsequently, more air population. For instance, according to a recent article published by the Times of India, there is a 20% rise in air pollution in Delhi.
The influx of migrants from other parts of the country has also increased the cost of living in urban areas because of the increased demand for housing and other facilities. For middle class families, it is becoming difficult to survive. Thus, the growing traffic and the rising cost of living are posing a challenge for individuals as well as government.
To overcome the aforementioned issues, firstly, municipalities must focus on new infrastructure, such as widening of roads, or constructing new flyovers. It will certainly be helpful to reduce traffic to some extent. Secondly, there is an immediate need for more houses. The local government should seriously expand the housing facilities in cities to accommodate more families. Definitely, these suggestions can support to reduce congestion and living cost. To sup up, overpopulation is a major cause of concern in urban areas. There is an immediate need to control traffic congestion by building better infrastructure. It is also important to build affordable housing.
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