In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities. Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?
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Band 7.5 IELTS essay sample
Constant migration toward the big cities has become a common phenomenon all over the world. To prevent this, national authorities are encouraging/instigating industries and businesses to move to the suburbs. Although, this trend has minor drawbacks, the positive outcomes certainly overweigh them.
To start with, the development of metropolitan cities and the opportunities available there has attracted a large number of people from rural areas. Unfortunately, this migration of rural people into urban areas has created problems like traffic congestion and lack of basic facilities in cities. Encouraging people to move back to their native places is the only solution to this problem and the only way to achieve this is to create job opportunities in the countryside. Hence, governments are encouraging industries to set up their offices and factories in the rural areas.
This trend will shoot up employment and career opportunities in less competitive markets and at the same time it can address the problems of housing and overcrowding in cities. Since people don’t have to move or travel far for job, the road traffic will come down automatically. This will reduce pollution and improve air quality in metropolises. In addition to this, flourishment of development in country side will equal economic growth of all the areas. In the end, country will progress as a whole.
However, there is a downside to the industrialization of villages. It will cause air and water pollution there. However, in my opinion this problem can be solved to a great extent by ensuring proper waste management. Some people are also worried that urbanization will destroy the local culture. Nevertheless, these are small prices to pay for development.
In a nutshell, in spite of a few drawbacks, the idea of starting new ventures in non-urban areas can be a great solution to stop the human migration and bring equal prosperity and growth in all parts of the nation.
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