In Order To Solve Traffic Problems, Governments Should Tax Private Car Owners | Band 8 IELTS Essay Sample

In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation. What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?

Here is a band 8 IELTS essay on this topic written by one of our students. Need help with IELTS essay writing? Get your IELTS essays, letters and reports corrected by me.

Band 8 IELTS essay sample

It is argued that people who use their own vehicles should be heavily taxed so that public transportation system can be developed from the tax money. However, there are some benefits and drawbacks to such a trend that need to be considered.

Firstly, the number of vehicles that enter urban areas may be reduced due to the high taxation on private car owners. In other words, the imposed fines may not be affordable to people because they have already been paying a considerable amount of money for fuel and the maintenance of their cars. As a result of this, it may prevent / discourage / stop) people from using private cars and they might seek alternative modes of transportation. Secondly, it is known that many public transport services in the country are in poor condition due to the lack of financial resources. Therefore, imposing tax on private car users could be a way for governments to earn some money and invest it for upgrading public transport services. Consequently, people will not hesitate to travel by buses or trains any more.

On the other hand, there are some negative outcomes to this approach. Imposing unreasonable fines on its citizens can lead to disputes between the authorities and the general public. In addition, there are many countries which are underdeveloped and have low personal incomes and tax on private vehicles will put them in more financial difficulties. In this regard, people get disappointed and they may conduct strikes or protests which may be harmful for the country’s economy. Moreover, it is for people to decide whether they should use private cars or public transport for commuting even though those services are in greater condition.

In conclusion, it is true that imposing heavy taxes on private car owners and using that tax money to develop the public transport system definitely have some positive outcomes. However, there are some disadvantages to this phenomenon that need to be considered.

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Manjusha Nambiar

Hi, I'm Manjusha. This is my blog where I give IELTS preparation tips.

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4 Responses

  1. Ravichandra K says:

    Hello Maam,

    Could you please validate my essay below and let me know Band score and feedback to improve my essay skills

    It is argued that people using four wheelers especially cars for personal use should be fined and to utilize this money to develop public transportation. However, this curbs will raise disputes between public and government if they are refrained from using their own vehicles.
    Traffic congestion has become a common issue in most of the developing countries due to increase numbers of cars and poor infrastructure. As per statistics from Auto Industry, daily thousands of new cars on boards on road. This rapid growth of cars in cosmopolitan cities is raising alarms of pollution. Government has to take initiatives in order to bring down the utilization of cars by encouraging public transportation and carpooling. One way to reduce the usage of private cars is by imposing tax heavily so that public will stop using cars and avail public transportation. This amount can be utilized to improve the infrastructures like roads, mass transportation.

    On contrary, public are irked due to poor transportation services and hence usage of own vehicles has been increasing in countries like India. In addition, people seeks comfort for commuting to their daily routine jobs like offices which is lacking from the public transportation. Moreover, time is crucial for those people who wants to reach their destination which allows commuters to use their own vehicles. It is people decision whether to use own vehicles or public transportation as they have freedom to travel.
    On conclusion, it is true that public should be discouraged using own vehicles through imposing taxes heavily. However, infrastructure should be improved to encourage people using mass transportation

  2. Parvathy R says:

    If the government imposes heavy tax on private car owners and allocate the fund for improving the public transportation, it aids to tackle the traffic congestion issues. Although there are some minor disadvantages, this method brings incredible benefits to both individuals and society.
    On the one hand when more tax is introduced to private car owners, people would be less likely to own private cars. Therefore, people would either be encouraged to use the public transport or would prefer walking, if the distance to their office is less. In both the ways, traffic congestion, which is one of the major issue in cities, could be considerably reduced. Secondly, the more the number of vehicles are, the more likely pollution would be. That means when people are more inclined towards using the public transportation system, environment is greatly benefited. Finally, commuting by public transportation gives people a chance to interact with others. This improves the social skills of people thereby benefiting society as a whole.
    On the other hand people are not supposed to take detours by means of public transportation system. In other words, people might have to travel long way to reach their destination. For example, since people cannot take short cuts, travelling by means of public transportation might cause not only wastage of energy but also squander time. Another point to consider is that since the frequency of public transport is less, people might need to wait for the vagarious transport. That means that we could not rely on public transport when there is an emergency.
    To conclude, when private cars are imposed with heavy tax, people depend more on public transport. Even though this trend has certain disadvantages, it paves the way for bringing tremendous advantage to individuals as well as society.