In type 1 conditional sentences we use a simple present tense in the if-clause and will/can/may + first form of the verb (infinitive) in the result clause.
- If I have time, I will watch a movie.
- If it rains, you will get wet.
In the type 2 conditional sentences, we use a simple past tense in the if-clause and would/could/might + infinitive in the result clause.
- If I had time, I would watch a movie.
- If it rained, you would get wet.
In type 3 conditional sentences, we use a past perfect tense in the if-clause and would have + past participle in the result clause.
- If I had had time, I would have watched a movie.
- If it had rained, you would have got wet.
This grammar exercise tests your understanding of conditional verb forms.
If Clauses Exercise
- Expressing condition using if-clauses
- How to use tenses correctly in your IELTS essays and letters?
- Common mistakes in the use of if-clauses
- Use modal auxiliaries correctly
- How to use the simple past and the present perfect tenses correctly
- Passive verb forms
- Verbs not used in the passive
- Common mistakes with simple present and present perfect tenses
- When to set off relative clauses with commas