These types of questions test a student’s ability to spot factual information. The students have to read the given statements and compare them to the information given in the passage. They have to decide whether the given statement agrees with or contradicts the information given in the passage. If it agrees with the information given in the passage, you need to select ‘TRUE’. If it contradicts the information given in the passage, you need to select ‘FALSE’. If there is no information about the given statement, you need to select ‘NOT GIVEN’.
Note that the questions follow the order of information in the passage.
Remember that your answers must be based on what is in the passage. You are not supposed to use your own knowledge.
Read the given passage and answer the following questions.
For well over three years, a team of international scientists has been working on a project that aims to empower the blind with eyesight. The experiment involves surgically implanting electrodes in the eye. The participants will also have to wear a camera on the bridge on their nose and strap a video processor to their waist. The revolutionary project involves patients from the UK, Mexico and Europe.
Scientists have long been working with the objective of helping blind people see. Although they have not yet realized that dream, they have certainly made a great deal of progress.
The new experiment named Artificial Retina Project has already tasted some success. Some of the participants can now differentiate cups from plates and grass from concrete footpaths. They can also sort dark socks from lighter ones, distinguish doors and windows, identify some letters of the alphabet and see where people are.
The increasing visual ability of the participants in quite encouraging, despite the fact that they are not yet able to come up with details of the objects they ‘see’. Scientists involved in the project believe that by further developing the technology they will be able to help blind people to read, write and recognize faces.
In the artificial retina procedure, a sheet of electrodes is implanted in the eye. The blind person wears glasses fitted with a tiny camera. The belt-pack video processor translates the images captured by the camera into patterns of light and darkness. The video processor directs each electrode to transmit signals representing an object’s contours, brightness and contrast. These signals then pulse along the optic neurons into the brain.
True/False/Not Given Questions
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage? Next to questions 10-13 write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
10. The scientists working on the Artificial Retina Project hail from countries such as the UK, Mexico and Europe. …………………………..
11. The Artificial Retina Project allows blind people to read, write and recognize faces. ………………………….
12. The electrodes implanted in the eyes transmit signals into the brain. ……………………………
13. Lack of sufficient funding is the main problem faced by the Artificial Retina Project. …………………………….
10. NOT Given (The passage states that blind people from countries such as the UK, Mexico and Europe participate in the project. However, we do not know anything about the nationality of the scientists working on the project.)
11. FALSE (Scientists are working with the objective of enabling blind participants read, write and recognize faces, but they lack those skills at the moment.)
13. NOT GIVEN (The passage does not contain information about funding or the lack of it.)